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cid_1032503482_100-0049_IMG.150.jpg Wingspread
Designer Frank Lloyd Wright
Location Wind Point, Wisconsin, USA
Date 1937
Building Type large house
Climate temperate
Context suburban
Architectural Style neo-Verncular
Street Address 33 E 4 Mile Rd Walk Score
Notes S239. Herbert F. Johnson House
At Great Buildings





"Thus Wingspread, unique prairie house near Racine [Wisconsin], became another in the series of zoning experiments...built in 1909, where living room, dining room, kitchen, family sleeping rooms, guest rooms, were separate unites grouped together and connected by corridors.

The building is oriented so that the sunlight falls in all rooms and the ground plan shows a complete logical expression of a zoned house.

At the center of four zones forming a cross, stands a spacious wigwam of a living room. A tall central brick chimney stack with five fireplaces on four sides divides this large vertical central living space into four areas for the various domestic functions: entrance, family living, library, and dining room. Extending from this great, dignified central wigwam are the four wings. This extended plan lies, very much at home, quiet and integral with the prairie landscape which is, through it, made more significant and beautiful....

This house, while resembling the Coonley House at Riverside, Illinois, is more bold, masculine, and direct in form and treatment. It is better executed, in more permanent materials. The building has a heavy footing course of Ksasota sandstone resting on rock ballast laid deep in broad trenches,..."

— Frank Lloyd Wright, Edgar Kaufmann, Ed. An American Architecture. p167-169.

The Creator's Words

"Our schools today, busy turning out 'the common man,' seem to be making conformity a law of his nature. The study of architecture is often relegated to the abandoned military shed or the basement of our educational institutions, and the old adage—'those who can, do, those who can't teach..'—was never more truly descriptive of purveyors of 'the higher education' in architecture. Life-long I have been shocked by the human deficiency capitalized by American education.

— Frank Lloyd Wright. from Frank Lloyd Wright. Frank Lloyd Wright: A Testament. p97.

"Again to architecture comes the serenity of the right idea; human integrity is in action. True significance of line, color and form is now the very method of construction. Principle itself is looking out from our American habit of thinking about planning not only buildings but planning the new city; developing this beauty in our villages by appropriate uses of ground: learning now how to build and dwell in a building as a work of art: dwell harmonious with our own Time, Place and Man. We need be apotheosis, able to master our vast facilities of machine power and the sciences."

— Frank Lloyd Wright. from Frank Lloyd Wright. Frank Lloyd Wright: A Testament. p105.


Address:33 East 4 MileWind Point, Wisconsin 53402

— Thomas A. Heinz. Architectural Monographs No. 18: Frank Lloyd Wright. p141.



Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. plan, p228.— A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. pinwheel geometry diagram, p193.— Updated edition available at

Thomas A Heinz. Architectural Monographs No.18: Frank Lloyd Wright.. Great Britain: Academy Editions, 1992. ISBN 0-312-07243-0. NA737.W7H4 1992. interior color photo of fireplace, p98. exterior color aerial photo, p98. exterior color photo from the garden, p96-97. Edgar Kaufmann, ed. An American Architecture: Frank Lloyd Wright. New York: Horizon Press, 1955. NA 737.W7 K3. LC 55-12271. plan, p168.

Bruce Pfeiffer. Frank Lloyd Wright Drawings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. exterior perspective drawing, p46.

William Allin Storrer. The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-77624-7. LC 93-30127. NA737.W7A4 1993. plan drawing.  Available at

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